:::: MENU ::::

R2PLive

A global portal of R2P-related media articles for students, scholars, and civil society.

MIL-OSI Europe: Text adopted – Recommendation to the Council on the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly – P8_TA-PROV(2017)0304 – Wednesday, 5 July 2017 – Strasbourg – Provisional edition

Europe

MIL-OSI Europe: Text adopted – Recommendation to the Council on the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly – P8_TA-PROV(2017)0304 – Wednesday, 5 July 2017 – Strasbourg – Provisional edition

MIL-OSI Europe: Text adopted – Recommendation to the Council on the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly – P8_TA-PROV(2017)0304 – Wednesday, 5 July 2017 – Strasbourg – Provisional edition

By   /  July 17, 2018  /  Comments Off on MIL-OSI Europe: Text adopted – Recommendation to the Council on the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly – P8_TA-PROV(2017)0304 – Wednesday, 5 July 2017 – Strasbourg – Provisional edition

Source: European Parliament

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Charter of the United Nations,

–  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and to the UN human rights conventions and the optional protocols thereto,

–  having regard to the Treaty on European Union (TEU), in particular Articles 21, 34 and 36 thereof,

–  having regard to the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly,

–  having regard to UN Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2009), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2010), 1960 (2011), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013) and 2242 (2015) on women, peace and security,

–  having regard to its resolution of 16 March 2017 on the EU priorities for the UN Human Rights Council session in 2017(1) ,

–  having regard to the EU Annual Report on human rights and democracy in the world in 2015 and the European Union’s policy on the matter,

–  having regard to its resolution of 28 April 2016 on attacks on hospitals and schools as violations of international humanitarian law(2) ,

–  having regard to its recommendation to the Council of 7 July 2016 on the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly(3) ,

–  having regard to the Council conclusions of 18 July 2016 on the EU priorities for the 71st UN General Assembly,

–  having regard to the revised EU Guidelines on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of the Child,

–  having regard to the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on the participation of the European Union in the work of the United Nations, which grants the EU the right to intervene in the UN General Assembly, to present proposals and amendments orally which will be put to a vote at the request of a Member State, and to exercise the right to reply,

–  having regard to the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants of 19 September 2016,

–  having regard to UN General Assembly Resolution A/71/L.48 of 21 December 2016, setting up an ‘International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Those Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011’,

–  having regard to its resolution of 4 February 2016 on the systematic mass murder of religious minorities by the so-called ‘ISIS/Daesh’(4) ,

–  having regard to its resolution of 27 October 2016 on the situation in Northern Iraq/Mosul(5) ,

–  having regard to Rule 113 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (A8-0216/2017),

A.  whereas the EU’s commitment to effective multilateralism and good global governance, with the UN at its core, is an integral part of the EU’s external policy and is rooted in the conviction that a multilateral system founded on universal rules and values is best suited to addressing global crises, challenges and threats;

B.  whereas the international order based on cooperation, dialogue, free and fair trade, and human rights is being called into question by several nationalist and protectionist movements around the world;

C.  whereas the EU should play a proactive part in building a United Nations that can contribute effectively to global solutions, peace and security, human rights, development, democracy and a rule-of-law-based international order; whereas EU Member States need to make every effort to further coordinate and fuse their actions in the organs and bodies of the United Nations system in accordance with the mandate contained in Article 34(1) TEU;

D.  whereas the EU and its Member States remain collectively the single largest financial contributor to the UN system, providing almost 50 % of all contributions to the UN, with the EU Member States contributing around 40 % of the UN’s regular budget; whereas EU contributions to the UN should be more visible;

E.  whereas the EU works for environmental sustainability, notably in the fight against climate change by promoting international measures and actions to preserve and improve the quality of the environment and the sustainable management of natural resources;

F.  whereas the EU is one of the most dedicated defenders and promoters of human rights, fundamental freedoms, cultural values and diversity, democracy and the rule of law;

G.  whereas the EU’s security environment is increasingly unstable and volatile owing to a large number of longstanding or newly emerging challenges, including violent conflicts, terrorism, organised crime, propaganda and cyber warfare, unprecedented waves of refugees and migratory pressure and impacts on climate change, which are impossible to address at national level and require regional and global responses and active and constructive co-operation;

H.  whereas the EU and the UN should play a major role in implementing the 2030 Development Agenda with a view to eradicating poverty and generating collective prosperity, addressing inequalities, creating a safer and more just world, and combating climate change and protecting the natural environment; whereas the UN General Assembly has decided to step up the organisation’s efforts to implement the new development agenda;

1.  Addresses the following recommendations to the Council:

Peace and security

(a) to continue to call for the full respect of the sovereignty, internationally recognised borders and the territorial integrity of Eastern European and South Caucasus countries, namely Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, in light of the violations of international law in these areas; to support and reinvigorate diplomatic efforts for a peaceful and sustainable settlement of these ongoing and protracted conflicts as well as the conflict in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh and for the respect of human rights and territorial integrity, non-use of force, and equal rights and self-determination of the peoples on the ground; to urge the international community to implement fully the policy of non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea; to actively increase pressure on Russia, as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, in order to resolve the conflict in Ukraine in line with the Minsk agreements as well as the occupation of Georgian regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia; to find a geopolitical balance that rejects all aspirations for exclusive spheres of influence;
(b) to maintain full support for the efforts undertaken by the UN to facilitate a comprehensive settlement to end the division of Cyprus, and underlines that a settlement of the Cyprus problem will have a positive impact on the entire region and on both Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots; urges the Council to use all its resources to fully support the successful conclusion of the reunification process and to support the role of the UN;
(c) to back the UN-led efforts to secure a solution to the name issue for the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia by means of an agreement between Skopje and Athens;
(d) to urge all UN Member States to make all necessary financial and human resources available to assist local populations in armed conflicts and the refugees, and to urge all UN Member States to fulfil the financial commitments made to the UN;
(e) to uphold the nuclear agreement between Iran and the UN Security Council members plus Germany as an important success of international and notably EU diplomacy, and to continue to put pressure on the United States to deliver on the practical implementation;
(f) to use all instruments at its disposal to enhance compliance by state and non-state actors’ actions with international humanitarian law (IHL); to support efforts led by the International Committee of the Red Cross to establish an effective mechanism for strengthening compliance with IHL;
(g) to push for stronger multilateral commitments to find lasting sustainable political and peaceful solutions to current conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa, particularly in Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Libya; and to reinvigorate diplomatic efforts to resolve frozen conflicts around the world; to continue to support UN special envoys’ work, actions and initiatives aimed at solving these conflicts; to call for continued humanitarian, financial and political assistance from the international community in order to address the humanitarian situation, and to work towards the immediate cessation of violence; to prevent any violation of IHL and International Human Rights Law, including the direct targeting of civil infrastructure and civilian population and to strongly condemn these violations in Syria; to urge all UN Member States to make all necessary financial and human resources available to assist the population in conflict areas; to support efforts deployed by the UN to find a sustainable resolution to the conflict in Syria and Iraq and to continue to back the EU’s role in the humanitarian field and the EU’s regional initiative; to urge the international community to do whatever is in their power in order to strongly condemn those responsible for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide committed during the Syrian conflict, either under their national judicial systems, international courts or ad hoc tribunals; to support the UN peace plan initiative in Yemen and to tackle the ongoing humanitarian crisis as a matter of urgency; to call on all parties to respect the human rights and freedoms of all Yemeni citizens, and to stress the importance of improving the security of all those working on peace and humanitarian missions in the country; to encourage a policy of rapprochement between Iran and Saudi Arabia as essential in defusing regional tensions, and as a path towards conflict resolution in Yemen and elsewhere; to further encourage such actions in order to address the root causes of terrorism and extremism which are a threat to international security and regional stability; to call for stronger support for the UN-backed government in Libya and to play a central role in the stabilisation of Libya and preservation of its unity and territorial integrity under the framework of the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA); to reiterate the urgent need to unite all armed forces under the control of the legitimate civilian authorities as set out in the LPA; to renew support for the efforts of the UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process and the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (UNSG) for Western Sahara to resolve these long standing conflicts; to call for the implementation of the UN Security Council resolutions on the Middle East;
(h) to support the Intra-Syrian Talks that are guided by UN Security Council resolution 2254 (2015); to stress that the sides should aim at a framework agreement containing a political package so that a negotiated transitional political process can be implemented in accordance with the clear sequencing and target timelines set out in resolution 2254 (2015); to underline that to achieve this goal, a clear agenda has emerged consisting of four baskets; to express its concern that the continuous fighting in Syria is undermining the ceasefire regime that came into effect on 30 December 2016, with significant negative consequences for the safety of Syrian civilians, humanitarian access and the momentum of the political process; to support the call of the Special Envoy of the UNSG for Syria on the guarantor-States of the ceasefire in Syria to undertake urgent efforts to uphold the ceasefire regime;
(i) to act upon the ruling of the European Court of Justice on the Western Sahara;
(j) to make certain the UN General Assembly provides, in cooperation with the EU and the US, all instruments to ensure that a two-state solution, on the basis of the 1967 borders, with Jerusalem as capital of both states, and a secure State of Israel with secure and recognised borders, and an independent, democratic, contiguous and viable State of Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, is sustainable and effective;
(k) to call for a stronger support and for empowerment of Iraqi institutions and for the need to work towards a more inclusive society and the reintegration of all the ethnic and religious minorities that have been displaced, including in Northern Iraq and following the end of the military operation in and around Mosul where a peaceful and inclusive post-conflict solution must be found; to reiterate the critical importance of sustained protection of civilians and respect for IHL in executing military strategies in Iraq;
(l) to keep addressing the major security threats in the Sahel, Sahara and Lake Chad, the Great Lakes, and Horn of Africa regions with a view to eradicating the terrorist threat posed by ISIL/Daesh and al-Qaeda affiliates and by Boko Haram or any other affiliated terrorist groups;
(m) to work with the international community as a whole to solve humanitarian and security crises threatening the African continent, in particular in Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Mali, Nigeria, Burundi and the Great Lakes Area in general; to encourage UN Member States to step up support for increasing the role and own capacities of the African Union in mediation and crisis management, while striving for complementarities with the efforts of the UN Peace-Building Support Office; to ensure the swift adaptation of MONUSCO in line with its new mandate and, in particular, the implementation of the Agreement of 31 December 2016;
(n) to call on the international community to join efforts to manage the current political crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo and to prevent state collapse in the country;
(o) to emphasise the importance of investing more in conflict prevention, taking account of factors such as political or religious radicalisation, election-related violence, population displacements or climate change;
(p) to draw the attention of the UN members, and in particular the members of the UN Security Council, to the increase in tensions between some countries in the Western Balkans; to urge their leaders to show restraint in their regional policies and for the EU and the UN to remain fully involved in seeking lasting solutions to bilateral differences, including by acting as mediators where necessary; to condemn Russian actions in the Western Balkans which threaten to destabilise the fragile reform process in countries in the region and undermine their EU and NATO ambitions;
(q) to further encourage the UN’s efforts to bring about peace in Afghanistan and to overcome the fragile security environment in the country;
(r) to strongly condemn the actions of the North Korean leadership that threaten peace and security in the Korean peninsula and beyond; to encourage China, as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, to exert further pressure on the North Korean regime to de-escalate its aggressive actions which threaten regional and international security; to draw up and implement a strong response, supported by a broad and sufficiently robust international consensus, in order to deter the North Korean regime from further developing hostile nuclear capabilities and carrying out extra-territorial assassinations, attacks and kidnappings;
(s) to urge the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council to discuss the tensions in the South China Sea with the intention of bringing all parties concerned together to finalise the negotiation of a code of conduct;
(t) to welcome the adoption by the UN Security Council of resolution 2307 (2016) and to congratulate the government and people of Colombia on their quest for peace;
(u) to significantly increase Member State support for UN peacekeeping and peacebuilding operations that include a human rights component and clear exit strategies, in particular by contributing personnel and equipment, and to enhance the EU’s role as a facilitator in this respect; to ensure better visibility for this support and contribution; to further develop procedures for the use of the EU common security and defence policy in support of UN operations while paying sufficient attention to the several dimensions of complex crisis management, such as human rights, sustainable development, and the root causes of mass migration; to support the UN Security Council reform of its use of veto power in cases where there is evidence of war crimes and crimes against humanity;
(v) to support the UNSG in his efforts to increase UN involvement in peace negotiations;
(w) to support the full implementation of the UN Security Council’s resolutions on women, peace and security; to call for the promotion of women’s equal and full participation as active agents; to promote an active involvement of women in conflict prevention and solution and in combating violent extremism; to recall that sexual violence such as rape is used as a tactic of war and constitutes a war crime; to ensure safe medical assistance for cases of war rape; to call for strengthening of the protection of women and girls in conflict situations especially as regards sexual violence, to support and strengthen international efforts through the UN to end the use of children in armed conflict and to ensure gender analysis as well as gender and human rights mainstreaming in all UN activities; to call for the development of indicators to measure progress on the participation of women in peace and security building;
(x) to address as a matter of urgency all aspects of the 15 May 2015 UN Evaluation Report on Enforcement and Remedial Assistance Efforts for Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by the United Nations and Related Personnel in Peacekeeping Operations without delay, and to establish functioning and transparent oversight and accountability mechanisms regarding alleged abuses; to call for the investigation, prosecution and sentencing without delay of any military and civilian personnel who committed acts of sexual violence;
(y) to further strengthen the role of R2P as an important principle in UN Member States’ work on conflict resolution, human rights and development; to continue to support the efforts to further operationalise R2P and to support the UN in continuing to play a critical role in assisting countries in the implementation of R2P in order to uphold human rights, the rule of law and IHL; to promote a broad definition of the human security concept and the R2P principle;
(z) to encourage all UN Member States to sign and ratify the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction;
(aa) to engage in a public and comprehensive debate with all UN General Assembly members on the importance of respecting constitutional limits in presidential mandates worldwide;
Fight against terrorism
(ab) to reiterate its unequivocal condemnation of terrorism and its full support for actions aimed at defeating and eradicating terrorist organisations, in particular ISIL/Daesh, which pose a clear threat to regional and international security; insists that all measures taken in the fight against terrorism should be fully in line with international humanitarian and human rights law;
(ac) to support the UN in making counter-terrorism a key element of its prevention agenda in line with the EU’s engagement in preventive measures to combat terrorism and counter violent extremism; to strengthen joint EU-UN efforts in combating the root causes of extreme violence and terrorism in countering hybrid threats and developing research and capacity-building in cyber defence; to promote education as a tool for preventing violent extremism and to rely on the existing peacebuilding initiatives set up by local actors to devise, implement, and develop approaches to counter radicalisation and terrorist recruitment, while promoting international action to bring those responsible for violence to justice; to support an enhanced EU contribution to UN capacity-building initiatives concerning the fight against foreign fighters and violent extremism;
(ad) to step up efforts to clamp down on recruitment and fight terrorist propaganda conducted not only through social media platforms but also through networks of radicalised hate preachers; to support actions strengthening the resilience of communities targeted by extremist propaganda and vulnerable to radicalisation, including by addressing the economic, social, cultural, and political causes which lead to it; to support counter-radicalisation and de-radicalisation policies in line with the UN Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism; to recall that the promotion and protection for human rights and respect for the rule of law are key elements in counter-terrorism policies;
(ae) to work with the UN General Assembly to combat the financing of terrorism and to build mechanisms to designate terrorist individuals and organisations and strengthen asset-freezing mechanisms worldwide, while upholding international standards on due process and the rule of law;
(af) to strengthen the efficacy of international police, legal and judicial cooperation in the fight against terrorism and transnational crime; welcomes in this regard UN Security Council resolution 2322 (2016), and stresses the need to speed up the processes of international judicial cooperation, to strengthen the existing mechanisms of international police cooperation and to update the network of contacts between central and judicial authorities;
Non-proliferation and disarmament
(ag) to support UN efforts to prevent non-state actors and terrorist groups from developing, manufacturing, acquiring or transferring weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems; to insist on full compliance with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention and to actively take steps towards global disarmament;
(ah) to promote the full implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) and encourage all UN Member States to sign and ratify the ATT;
(ai) to work towards more effective action against the diversion of, and illicit trade in, weapons and ammunitions, including small arms and light weapons, in particular by developing a weapons tracking system; to request the UN Members to actively take steps towards global disarmament;
(aj) to pay special attention to the technological progress in the field of weaponisation of robotics and in particular, on the armed robots and drones and their conformity with international law; to establish a legal framework on drones and armed robots in line with the existing international humanitarian law to prevent this technology from being misused in illegal activities by state and non-state actors;
Migration
(ak) to call for a strengthening of the global response to migration, by building on the successful UN General Assembly High-Level Meeting to Address Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants of 19 September 2016 and addressing the challenges and security concerns stemming from aspects of illegal migration, such as people smuggling and human trafficking, and for efforts to be made to create legal avenues for migration; emphasizes the need for an effective and urgent commitment to address the root causes of humanitarian crisis and unprecedented migration and refugee flows;
(al) to promote greater support for the work of UNHCR in implementing its international mandate to protect refugees including vulnerable groups such as women, children, and people with disabilities; to stress the substantial funding gap between UNHCR’s budgetary needs and funds received and to demand greater global solidarity; to call for greater UN regular budget funding of the UNHCR core functions in order to safeguard its functioning; to call for political engagement, funding and concrete acts of solidarity in support of the New York Declaration for refugees and migrants;
(am) to advocate and protect the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people; to call for the repeal of legislation in UN Member States which criminalises people on the grounds of sexuality or gender identity, and to promote international action to combat homophobic and transphobic hate crimes;
(an) to promote and respect the principles of opinion and expression, as mentioned in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and to emphasise the importance of a free press in a healthy society and the role of every citizen therein;
(ao) to call for a strengthening of the child protection systems and to support concrete measures in the best interests of the child refugees and migrants, based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child;
(ap) to demand that greater efforts be made to prevent irregular migration and to fight people smuggling and human trafficking, in particular by combating criminal networks through timely and effective exchange of relevant intelligence; to improve methods to identify and protect victims and to reinforce cooperation with third countries with a view to tracking, seizing and recovering the proceeds of criminal activities in this sector; to insist at UN level on the importance of the ratification and full implementation of the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and the Protocols thereto against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air and to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children;
Human rights, democracy and the rule of law
(aq) to urge all states, including the EU Member States, to swiftly ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights establishing complaint and inquiry mechanisms;
(ar) to call on all states, in particular the EU Member States, to participate actively in the negotiations at the UNHCR in Geneva for an international binding Treaty on transnational corporations and human rights;
(as) to reiterate clearly and firmly that all human rights agreed under UN conventions are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated and that respect for these rights must be enforced; to call for greater protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in every dimension of their expression, including in the context of new technologies; to continue to encourage all UN Member States to sign, ratify and implement the different human rights conventions and to comply with their reporting obligations under these instruments; to call for the defence of the freedoms of opinion and expression; to emphasise the importance of a free media;
(at) to call for all UN Member States to implement the recommendations of the UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance; to promote, strengthen and mainstream activities supporting equality between women and men; to call for further empowerment of women and girls, strengthening leadership and participation of women at all levels of decision making, including special attention being given to the inclusion of minority women; to call for the eradication of all violence and discrimination against women and girls, by also taking into account discrimination based on gender identity and gender expression; to promote children’s rights, ensuring in particular their access to education and the rehabilitation and reintegration of children enlisted in armed groups and eliminating child labour, torture, the issue of child witchcraft, trafficking, child marriage and sexual exploitation; to actively promote the support of further actions against violation of LGBTI rights; to support close monitoring of the situation of LGBTI persons and LGBTI human rights defenders in countries with anti-LGBTI laws;

...

For full article, click here

Comments are closed.